Coronaviruses & Symptoms, treatments, and variants
Coronaviruses are types of viruses that typically affect the respiratory tracts of birds and mammals, including humans. Doctors associate them with the common cold, bronchitis, pneumonia, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and they can also affect the gut. These viruses are typically responsible for common colds more than serious diseases. However, coronaviruses are also behind some more severe outbreaks. Over the last 70 years, scientists have found that coronaviruses can infect mice, rats, dogs, cats, turkeys, horses, pigs, and cattle. Sometimes, these animals can transmit coronaviruses to humans. Scientists cannot easily cultivate human coronaviruses in the laboratory unlike the rhinovirus, which is another cause of the common cold. This makes it difficult to gauge the impact of the coronavirus on national economies and public health. There is no cure, so treatments include self-care and over-the-counter (OTC) medication. People can take several steps, including: Resting and avoiding overexertion, Drinking enough water,Avoiding smoking and smoky areas,Taking acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen for pain and fever, Using a clean humidifier or cool mist vaporizer.
A doctor can diagnose the virus responsible by taking a sample of respiratory fluids, such as mucus from the nose, or blood. Different types of human coronaviruses vary in how severe the resulting disease becomes, and how far they can spread.