Acute Renal Disease

Acute Renal diseases previously called acute renal failure (ARF) is an abrupt loss of kidney function that develops within 7 days. Acute kidney injury (formerly known as acute renal failure) is a syndrome characterized by the rapid loss of the kidney's excretory function and is typically diagnosed by the accumulation of end products of nitrogen metabolism (urea and creatinine) or decreased urine output or both. AKI may lead to a number of complications, including metabolic acidosis, high potassium levels uremia changes in body fluid balance and effects on other organ systems, including death. People who have experienced AKI may have an augmented risk of chronic kidney disease in the future. Management includes treatment of the underlying cause and supportive care, such as renal replacement therapy.