Urology/Urinary tract infection
Urology also referred to as genitourinary surgical procedure is branch of medicine which deals with the surgical and medical illness present in the urinary tract and infection in any part of the urinary tract is known as urinary tract infection. Depends on the place of Infection it is named differently. When the infection is on the upper urinary tract then is referred to as pyelonephritis. An organ which comes under urology is kidneys, adrenal glands, urethra, uterus and male reproductive organ. Common illness consists of UTI, Urinary incontinence, benign prostatic hyperplasia. The most common cause of infection is Escherichia coil other than bacteria fungi can also cause the infection. Diagnosis to these infections encompasses few tests like urinalysis, urine microscopy. Analysis procedure differs to the aged people and it also difficult. Although urinary system has natural defence to this infection sometimes it fails to encounter. Remedy to this infection is antibiotics. Phenazopyridine is prescribed and which helps in decreasing burning sensation and urgency often felt during bladder infection. About 150 million people develop urinary tract infection each year. Women are more infected than male. They more often develop bacterial infection and they occur in the age of 16 to 35.