Nephrology (from Greek nephros "kidney", combined with the suffix -logy, "the study of") is a specialty of medicine and pediatric medicine that concerns itself with the kidneys, Clinical nephrology is a specialty of medicine that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy including dialysis and kidney transplantation. Clinical nephrology is a branch of therapeutics and paediatrics that concerns about the investigation of the kidney function, Nephrology maladies, the treatment of the Nephrology ailments and renal transplantation treatment(dialysis and kidney transplantation). Kidneys play a vital role for life with their complex network of blood vessels and intricate network of tubes and tubules that filter blood of its waste products and excess water. Kidneys maintain liquids, electrolytes, and corrosive base direction that are modified by kidney malady conditions and in addition drugs and toxins. Nephrology diseases manage investigation of the typical working of the kidneys and its sicknesses. Kidney contaminations, Cancers of the kidneys, bladder, and urethra, Effects of maladies like diabetes and hypertension on kidneys, Acid base irregular characteristics, Nephritic disorder and nephritis, Ill impacts of medications and poisons on the kidneys, Dialysis and its long term complications - dialysis incorporates haemodialysis and also peritoneal dialysis, Autoimmune diseases including immune system vasculitis, lupus, and so forth.