Clinical Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that anxieties itself with the study of usual kidney function, kidney diseases, the treatment of kidney diseases and renal replacement therapy. Kidneys play a vital character for life with their composite network of blood vessels and complicated network of tubes and tubules that filter blood of its waste products and excess water. Kidneys maintain fluids, electrolytes, and acid-base regulation that are altered by several disease conditions as well as drugs and toxins. Nephrology deals with study of the normal working of the kidneys as well as its diseases. Kidney infections, Cancers of the kidneys, bladder, and urethra, Effects of diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure on kidneys, Acid base imbalances, Nephrotic syndrome and nephritis, Ill effects of drugs and toxins on the kidneys, dialysis and its long term complications - dialysis includes hemodialysis as well as peritoneal dialysis, Autoimmune diseases including autoimmune vasculitis, lupus, etc.